At Understanding Women GYN, our breadth, knowledge and education on fibroids allows us to offer the best options for fibroid management. We are hysteroscopic specialists and experts. We are skilled in removing even the most challenging and troublesome intracavitary fibroids. We are one of very few practices that offer the ablation/UFE duo as a viable alternative for hysterectomy.

Contact us to schedule your Ablation/Embolization consultation today!

Fibroid Facts

  • Fibroids are the most common benign tumors in females and typically found during the middle and later reproductive years.
  • Also called leiomyomas or myomas, uterine fibroids are not associated with an increased risk of uterine cancer and almost never develop into cancer.
  • As many as 3 out of 4 women have uterine fibroids sometime during their lives, but most are unaware of them because they often cause no symptoms and usually insignificant.
  • In general, uterine fibroids seldom require treatment. Medical therapy and surgical procedures can shrink or remove fibroids for troublesome symptoms.
  • Uterine fibroids are rare in other mammals, although they have been observed in certain dog breeds.

Science and medicine do not know what causes uterine fibroids but evidence suggests that both genetics and hormones play a role. There is no research that shows any nutritional or lifestyle factors cause fibroids or their growth. While most fibroids are asymptomatic, they can enlarge and grow or distort the uterus and cause symptoms such as bloating, urinary frequency and urgency. Uterine fibroids represent a common, benign condition that may lead to bleeding, heavy and painful menstruation, specifically if the lesion affects the uterine cavity.


Fibroids may be discovered incidentally during a pelvic exam or during a workup for abnormal uterine bleeding.


Fibroids are usually found in or around the body of the uterus and divided into three locations: subserosal, located in the outer wall of the uterus (55%); intramural, found in the muscular layers of the uterine wall (40%); and submucosal, which protrude into the uterine cavity (5%) Fibroids, particularly when small, are usually asymptomatic. Symptoms depend on the location of the lesion and its size. The most common are abnormal uterine bleeding or heavy periods (menorrhagia), pain and pelvic pressure.

Heavy periods are the most common symptom when fibroids, if present, are located in the lining of the uterus and the main reason for treatment. Because abnormal uterine bleeding can result from other causes, such as endometrial cancer, it is important that women who experience heavy bleeding receive a thorough evaluation by an experienced physician.

Women with fibroids may also experience painful menstrual cramps, abdominal discomfort or bloating.

Subserosal fibroids may press on nearby pelvic organs. Pressure on the bladder may cause urinary frequency, urgency or retention; pressure on the large bowel, painful defecation, hemorrhoids or backache.