Learning More About Permanent Birth Control Options and Treatments

Here are some key details that you must know about the more common permanent birth control options and treatments that you can choose from to suit your specific circumstances, as shared by our clinic here at Understanding Women.


Sterilization can be done on both men and women. Keep in mind that the various sterilization procedures are difficult, if not impossible, to reverse, and does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases. Sterilization is done via a tubal ligation surgery or the placement of the Essure device in women.

Learning More About Permanent Birth Control Options

For a number of reasons, a woman may choose to take birth control measures in order to prevent a pregnancy. Should you find yourself in such a situation, there are a few treatment options that you can consider to achieve the desired results.

Tubal Ligation

For women in the US, tubal ligation is the most common form of contraception — about 700,000 American women undergo this procedure every year.

A patient is anesthetized before the procedure. This can also be done on a woman immediately after childbirth. One or two small incisions are made in the abdomen and a laparoscope or small telescope is inserted. The fallopian tubes are then cut and then tied, clamped, sealed or banded shut, and the incisions are stitched closed. The patient can return home after a few hours. According to physicians, tubal ligation is not 100% effective at preventing pregnancies.


An alternative to tubal ligation, Essure is a small birth control device that looks similar to a spring. Its placement is a type of hormone-free sterilization that does not require the use of anesthesia.

A thin tube is used to thread the Essure device into a woman’s vagina, uterus, and the two fallopian tubes. Each woman will receive two of these Essure devices. The device contains a mesh-like substance that causes irritation to the fallopian tubes. This then causes scarring over time, and the tube becomes blocked.

According to clinical studies, Essure is 99.8% effective in preventing pregnancies. Because the device only becomes effective over time, women will need to use another form of birth control for about three months after the procedure. A doctor will take an X-ray to verify if the fallopian tubes have become properly blocked.

Talk to your doctor about the best form of birth control and sterilization for your body and your specific needs and preferences. We’d like to invite you in for a consultation with us. Please give us a call today to schedule your appointment: 602.393.066